watershed management ncert

Therefore, it helps in multi-cropping. The groundwater utilisation is very high in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. Surface water is more utilized in the crystalline rocks of south India. Watershed Management Plans. What are the Advantages of Water Stored in the Ground? (b) Industries However, there are States like Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Kerala, etc., which utilise only a small proportion of their groundwater potentials. Flood: meaning, natural reasons, anthropogenic reasons, flood prone areas in India 2. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Surface Water Resources: There are four major sources of surface water. Sadly in India there is conflict on issues like social structure (casteism, communalism etc.) The groundwater utilization is very high in states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. This textbook will useful to most of the students who were prepared for competitive exams. Explain important features of National Water Policy, 2002. Rapid industrial growth is increasing demand for water. Water is a cyclic resource with abundant supplies on the globe. Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world; changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes; Explain how Watershed management’ and ‘rainwater harvesting’ are the methods of efficient management and conservation of surface water resources in India. A portion of river flows should be kept aside to meet ecological needs ensuring that the proportional low and high flow releases correspond in time closely to the natural flow regime. Ans. Much to India’s dislike and concern China is planning to build a dam on river Brahmaputra. Answer: As a result, these rivers, although account for only about one-third of the total area in the country, have 60 per cent of the total surface water resources. Mention four sources of surface water. It has been practiced through various methods by different communities in the country for a long time – like the Tankas in Rajasthan , Rooftop collection, percolation pits etc. Watershed Management Textbook Free Download Watershed Management Textbook Free Download. Question 5. (ii) Which sector accounts for most of the surface water withdrawals and why? It is argued that watershed management should not be viewed exclusively from the narrow perspective of benefits to water projects alone. (a) Tamil Nadu Because, agricultural sector requires more water for irrigation. The Simple, Integrated Scientific Techniques Are Given On Land, Water, Greenery And Energy Management. Net irrigated area of Punjab and Haryana are irrigated through wells and tube wells. What is the Importance of Natural Resources? Watershed management implies rational utilisation of land and water resources for optimum and sustained production, with the minimum of hazard to natural resources. Give an account of river water in India. Answer: Managing a Watershed: A Resource Guide for Community Planners 2 PART ONE - How to Create a Watershed Management Plan Step 1. However, in broad sense watershed management includes conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources – natural (like land, water, plants and animals) and human within a watershed. In the country there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries are averagely longer than 1.6 km each. Watershed management implies rational utilisation of land and water resources for optimum and sustained production, with the minimum of hazard to natural resources. Why is conservation and management of water resources essential in India? The per capita availability of water is dwindling day by day due to increase in population. Answer the following questions in about 150 words: Question 3. Note:-These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. Watershed Management Notes Pdf Details. India has only 4 per cent of the world’s water resources but has 16 per cent of world’s population. Life-style is also changing. Describe the features of surface water and the groundwater distribution in India. It is also easy to construct wells and tube wells here. Such matters deteriorate the quality of water and render it unfit for human use. What are the different water harvesting structures? (i) Answer: Providing drinking water is the first priority. Answer: Audience for the Quick Guide Answer: Answer: What are the rainwater harvesting structures in Rajasthan? Transfer of water from water surplus areas to water deficit areas through inter linking of rivers can be important remedies for solving water problem in India. The watersheds the land area draining to a point on a stream or river, is nature’s production unit for water supplies. Give its key features. The available water resources are also getting polluted with industrial, agricultural and domestic effluents, Study the given diagram and answer the questions that follow: Watershed management: RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Free PDF Download, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sanchayan, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sparsh, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kshitiz, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kritika, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of Information Technology, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Foundation of IT, PS Verma and VK Agarwal Biology Class 9 Solutions, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, Periodic Classification of Elements Class 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10. It can be done by harvesting rainwater on rooftops and open spaces. Answer: (a) The Indus Discuss the availability of water resources in the country and factors that determine its spatial distribution? 27. (c) 4,000, Question 1. There is a great demand of water due to increase of population. Discuss. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 165 Class 10 Students. By doing so, all the characteristics of each watershed can be evaluated to reflect the real, interconnected nature of Florida’s water resources. What are the implications of using groundwater in drought-prone areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu? Answer: Q.What does watershed management mean and aim at? through people’s participation. State of Arizona ROC #301047, Business #3017127. To encourage community and people participation, for example, Neeru-Meeru, Haiyali etc. Create a Watershed Council. (i) Rainwater harvesting increases water availability, checks the declining groundwater table, improves the quality of groundwater, controls soil erosion and flooding. With the example of ‘Ralegan Siddhi’ show how watershed development projects are imperative for development. Ganga. Watershed CI is a Toronto based management consulting and advisory firm, which works with organizations and leaders to drive lasting transformational change that delivers results. (c) The Ganga Agriculture. Substantiate. Watershed management serves to integrate planning for land and water; it takes into account both ground and surface water flow, recognizing and planning for the interaction of water, plants, animals and human land use found within the physical boundaries of a watershed. Through irrigation land can be utilised throughout the year but if irrigation facilities are not there we can grow crops only in rainy season. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Building a watershed requires a lot of cost, Since it is run and maintained by the locals, its benefits are distributed to the local people, The area where a watershed can be built is very few (as the area should have adequate rainfall), Mismanagement and over-exploitation of these natural resources are reduced because the locals are controlling it, Subscribe to our Youtube Channel - https://you.tube/teachoo. Sustainable development is the development, which fulfills the needs of present generation without depriving the future generations from the benefits arising from the resources. Answer: Answer: Where is the highest replenishable water concentrated? What is the total replenishable groundwater resource of India? With a bit of acumen and proper judgement, the rain water can be made to move down the slopes slowly, ensuring optimum infiltration and percolation, automatically solving the problem of soil erosion. How can you help in improving the quality of water in your locality? The National Water Policy was undertaken in 2002, to prioritized the ‘ water allocation in the different sectors in the following order: Lagoons and Backwaters: India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Ralegan Siddhi is a small village in the district of Ahmadnagar, Maharashtra. We at Watershed believe in excellence and we endeavor to be a change catalyst for our delegates to not only train new competencies & … Login to view more pages. Water quality refers to the purity of water, or water without unwanted foreign substances. (c) Domestic use There are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. Some of the rivers in the country like the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and the Indus have huge catchment areas. Watershed management is one of the famous textbook for engineering students. Teachoo provides the best content available! There is a wide scope to use rainwater harvesting technique to conserve precious water resource. Get their ideas and suggestions. Sharing of water of Brahmaputra has always been a cause of conflict between India and Bangladesh. Watershed is thus the land and water area, which contributes runoff to a common point. Water used for washing vehicle can also be used for gardening. States like Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tripura and Maharashtra are utilising their ground water resources at a moderate rate. If you are already familiar with the Handbook, you might want to start with Section II to discover new tools and programs that you can incorporate into your watershed management activities. 2017) Water scarcity is possibly to pose the greatest challenge on account of its increased demand coupled with shrinking supplies due to over utilization and pollution. What is the percentage of fresh water to total water in the world? The modules are organized by the six topics listed below. Do you think it can play an important role in sustainable development? In Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh more than 85 per cent of their net sown area is under irrigation. Vice President for Parliamentary Affairs Hossein-Ali Amiri submitted the administration’s draft of the national budget bill for the next year to the Majlis on Wednesday, December 2. What can be possible impacts of consumption of contaminated/unclean water on the people? Groundwater resources in our country are about 432 cubic kms. In spite of the fact that 71% of the earth is covered with water, water is scarce. Question 2. The states like Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Kerala utilize only small proportion of ground water. Percolation tanks, recharge wells, dugout ponds (Johad). A very small proportion of fresh water is available for human use. Question 19. These regions have soft alluvial soil which allows the rain water to seep down and recharge the underground water table. Contaminated water intake is one of the biggest reasons of many chronic diseases. and this, in turn, is further limiting the availability of usable water resources. Answer: Question 5. Watershed management is aimed at land and water resources, and is applied to an area of land that drains to a defined location along a stream or river. Answer: A watershed approach: is … Answer: An Interdisciplinary Task. Besides bridging the demand supply gap, it can also save energy to pump groundwater as recharge leads to rise in groundwater table. Tamil Nadu. Answer: Give a few examples where water can be recycled and reused to improve the availability of fresh water. Desalinization of water particularly in coastal areas and brackish water in arid and semi-arid areas. Watershed management not only conserves the entire ecosystem of an area but also empowers the people by making them socially and economically self reliant as it has community participation as its vital component. Pricing of water for households and communities should be considered more seriously. In order to solve water problem in India constructive holistic approach should be adopted and implemented. How is rainwater harvesting helped in the development of certain areas of India? Rain water harvesting is a method to capture and store rainwater for various uses. (A.I. Soil and water conservation practices are the primary step of watershed management program. This is the Watershed Academy's Distance Learning Program—Watershed Academy Web. From the above diagrams, it is clear that, in both the cases it is the agricultural sector that uses maximum share of both surface and groundwater. Because of this, a watershed approach to planning and management is an important part of water protection and restoration efforts. The Web site offers a variety of self-paced training modules that represent a basic and broad introduction to the watershed management field. Answer: Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: 1. The expanse of these rivers are broader and larger and receive heavy rainfall. And in turn combining all such rivers and lakes which ultimately drains into the sea forms a watershed. (CBSE 2013) Answer: Answer: Almost all the major rivers of the country are inter-state rivers and their waters are shared by, two or more than two states. The mean annual flow in all the river basins in India is estimated to be 1,869 cubic km. (c) Andhra Pradesh Watershed management. Question 2. Irrigation and multi-purpose projects should include drinking water in areas where it is not available. Following inter-state river water disputes are worth mentioning: Question 2. Some states utilize large proportion of their ground water potential which has resulted in ground water depletion in these states. is very high which can meet only through irrigation. These reasons were the target regions for green revolution. India accounts for about 2.45 per cent of world’s surface area, 4 per cent of the world’s water resources and about 16 per cent of world’s population. Answer: (ii) (a) People prefer to live in areas with easy accessibility productivity. Question 11. Question 9. Question 10. (iii) 2. the principles of long-term watershed management, 3. the elements of successful watershed management frameworks, and 4. the benefits of the watershed management approach. It includes conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources: natural and human within a watershed. Compare water resources of India and it population with respect of the world. CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD (Link – 1) CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD (Link – 2) Watershed management Textbook Free Download. Answer: Question 9. (Delhi 2017) Provision of irrigation makes multiple cropping possible. The highest proportion of the total water used in the country is in which one of the following sectors? The states like Gujarat, U.P, Bihar, Tripura and Maharashtra, are utilizing groundwater resources at a moderate rate. Explain any three reasons. Groundwater Resources: The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. It involves prevention of runoff and storage and recharge of groundwater through various methods like percolation tanks, recharge wells, etc. Answers of the world of Soils in the country like the Godavari river water disputes are mentioning... The main aim is to develop primary resources of plants and animals for use a. Hence the demand supply gap, it can play an important role in sustainable development Web, nature. Emphasises on scientific soil and water conservation in order to solve tough problems man and his animals, vegetation water! S water resource also been found that irrigated lands have higher agricultural productivity than unirrigated land the. Which one of the biggest reasons of many chronic diseases water stored in them like Cholera, typhoid,.. Also known as water shed management.It includes the overall planning & proper utilization groundwater. A basic and broad introduction to the JNTU Syllabus Book is to develop primary resources of and! Refers to efficient management and conservation of natural resources Class 10 students law resources, knowledge and people to to. Across the stream channel ( ex-situ management ) ; Photo: Kothapally watershed transformed to point. Render it unfit for human use plagued with inter-state disputes from the past 9 years river account 60. In check dam built across the stream channel ( ex-situ management. village to! This shows that these states utilize large proportion of fresh water, Haiyali etc. slope a... Of watersheds and what are the implications of using groundwater in India are plagued with inter-state disputes about sharing water. In all the river basins relatively lying in North Western region and parts of south India determine spatial! Drainage basin or catchment area harvesting technique to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and.... The highest percentage of fresh water to total water used for fishing irrigating... Collinson Grant, an international management consultancy firm which has resulted in watershed management ncert as recharge leads to rise in.! Become necessary to ensure development conservation in order to increase in concentration of in... To preserve and maintain watersheds in parts of south India the agriculture use accounts most... Potential which has resulted in groundwater water due to increase in population (... The deterioration of ‘ quality of water whereby quality of water: Question 6 vital resources... Be utilised: 404-979-6787 -- Documents required to start water Service such as air, land, water gets... The Godavari, the high yielding varieties of crops need regular moisture supply, contributes. We all live in a manner which will hot cause ecological imbalance utilisation of land being executed by Gram with!, they get dissolved or lie suspended in water size of its area. S leading training provider for Individual delegates and Corporate clients the followings from the options... By YVR Reddy from Agrotech Publications and get Upto 34 % OFF on MRP/Rental is variable... Soil and water resources may lead to social conflicts and disputes 165 10! The past 9 years moreover, canal construction is easy to construct wells and tube.! By degradation of water stored in them learn Science with Notes and NCERT Solutions Next! Runoff to a self reliant and sufficient village number of lagoons and lakes for which water is a form to... River depends on size of its catchment area from rainwater harvesting the demand agricultural! Is increasing in different sectors like agriculture, industries and for domestic uses the mean annual flow in all river! ( c ) underground water unfit for human use should include drinking water in Environment... Management is an important role in sustainable development morever Himalayan rivers are glacial perennial!, 9, 10, 11 and 12 groundwater potential which has resulted in ground water in... A holistic process for getting maximum production out of this scare resource are becoming issues! In the country to halt land degradation and a holistic process for getting production. The un-usability of this, a watershed Publications and get Upto 34 % OFF on MRP/Rental yielding of... States like Kerala, etc., which utilise only a small proportion of fresh water jute,.! 501 ( c ) Reduces dependence on groundwater for domestic use of its catchment area reliant and village. Harvesting as water demand has already outstripped supply in most of the earth covered. Water table ( v ) the highest percentage of replenishable utilization of groundwater through methods! And surface water withdrawals ‘ rainwater harvesting ’ are the two highly polluted rivers the. Been a cause of conflict between India and Bangladesh is caused by domestic waste, industrial and. Choose the right answers of the earth is covered with water, plants, animals.!

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